Soviet Light Tank T-60
Because the Red Army had a dire need of tanks a
production of light tanks was organized. The T-40 base caught the
attention because automobile parts were used in it. Constructors, led by
N.A.Astronov began the modernization of T-40, modifying the armament and
armour. The ability to swim was sacrificed. The attempt to install the
45mm tank cannon finished as a failure - the new vehicle was too light.
Radical remaking of a tank would take too much time, so the aircraft 20mm
ShVAK cannon was installed. T-60 was born. The new tank had more
racionally installed armour than the T-40, also the protection was better.
The first T-60 has left the factory at 15th September 1941, at the autumn
of 1942 the production was stopped. T-60 had an average maneuverability,
good off-road speed, was cheap and easy in production. But the need of the
better armament for a light tank bring in the beginning of 1942 the T-70
tank to life. Tank T-60 with its 20mm cannon could not satisfy the
tankists. The battle experience shows that its armament and armour were